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Patents: a manual relating to united states patents for inventors and patentees... - Patent Examiners Manual - IP Australia



Patents have been in the news recently as Apple and other technology companies have used patents to obtain monopoly rights in certain inventions. Although many object to anyone having a monopoly on an idea or invention, such rights have always been a fundamental part of the patent system.

The importance of granting monopolies for new inventions has been recognized in the United States since the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. In Article I, section 8, the U.S. Constitution:

Patents in the United States are governed by the Patent Act (35 U.S. Code), which established the United States Patent and Trademark Office (the USPTO). The most common type of patent is a utility patent. Utility patents have a duration of twenty years from the date of filing, but are not enforceable until the day of issuance. Design patents protect ornamental designs. Plant patents protect new varieties of asexually reproducing plants.

Patents have been in the news recently as Apple and other technology companies have used patents to obtain monopoly rights in certain inventions. Although many object to anyone having a monopoly on an idea or invention, such rights have always been a fundamental part of the patent system.

The importance of granting monopolies for new inventions has been recognized in the United States since the adoption of the U.S. Constitution. In Article I, section 8, the U.S. Constitution:

Patents in the United States are governed by the Patent Act (35 U.S. Code), which established the United States Patent and Trademark Office (the USPTO). The most common type of patent is a utility patent. Utility patents have a duration of twenty years from the date of filing, but are not enforceable until the day of issuance. Design patents protect ornamental designs. Plant patents protect new varieties of asexually reproducing plants.

New automatic transmission systems can place the vehicle into neutral while coasting to confer additional fuel economy benefits. A new patent from Toyota attempts to do the same thing, but with a manual transmission, which makes it all sorts of complicated.

Toyota was granted a patent last week for a " Controller for vehicle and control method for vehicle ," which is a super vague way of saying Toyota patented a system that allows for engine-idle coasting with a manual transmission. It carries a few other benefits, too, which could both prolong engine life and help newbies from trashing their engines by accident.

The system works like this: A controller is capable of operating a manual transmission's clutch and gearbox. When it's determined that coasting is possible, it will automatically disengage the clutch, so the engine will drop to idle while the car coasts. It will also engage shift lock pins that prevent drivers from shifting to too low or too high a gear after coasting concludes.


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