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Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by reactions of horror to World War I . Modernism also rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and many modernists rejected religious belief. [2] [3]

A notable characteristic of modernism is self-consciousness and irony concerning literary and social traditions, which often led to experiments with form, along with the use of techniques that drew attention to the processes and materials used in creating a painting, poem, building, etc. [4] Modernism explicitly rejected the ideology of realism [5] [6] [7] and makes use of the works of the past by the employment of reprise , incorporation , rewriting, recapitulation , revision and parody . [8] [9] [10]

Influential in the early days of modernism were the theories of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). Freud's first major work was Studies on Hysteria (with Josef Breuer , 1895). Central to Freud's thinking is the idea "of the primacy of the unconscious mind in mental life," so that all subjective reality was based on the play of basic drives and instincts, through which the outside world was perceived. Freud's description of subjective states involved an unconscious mind full of primal impulses, and counterbalancing self-imposed restrictions derived from social values. [19] : 538

1.Gardner H., De la Croix H., G. Tansey R., Kirkpatrick D. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages //San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1991. ISBN 0-15-503770-6.p. 953.

Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by reactions of horror to World War I . Modernism also rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and many modernists rejected religious belief. [2] [3]

A notable characteristic of modernism is self-consciousness and irony concerning literary and social traditions, which often led to experiments with form, along with the use of techniques that drew attention to the processes and materials used in creating a painting, poem, building, etc. [4] Modernism explicitly rejected the ideology of realism [5] [6] [7] and makes use of the works of the past by the employment of reprise , incorporation , rewriting, recapitulation , revision and parody . [8] [9] [10]

Influential in the early days of modernism were the theories of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). Freud's first major work was Studies on Hysteria (with Josef Breuer , 1895). Central to Freud's thinking is the idea "of the primacy of the unconscious mind in mental life," so that all subjective reality was based on the play of basic drives and instincts, through which the outside world was perceived. Freud's description of subjective states involved an unconscious mind full of primal impulses, and counterbalancing self-imposed restrictions derived from social values. [19] : 538

1.Gardner H., De la Croix H., G. Tansey R., Kirkpatrick D. Gardner’s Art Through the Ages //San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1991. ISBN 0-15-503770-6.p. 953.

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Modernism is a philosophical movement that, along with cultural trends and changes, arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed then by reactions of horror to World War I . Modernism also rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and many modernists rejected religious belief. [2] [3]

A notable characteristic of modernism is self-consciousness and irony concerning literary and social traditions, which often led to experiments with form, along with the use of techniques that drew attention to the processes and materials used in creating a painting, poem, building, etc. [4] Modernism explicitly rejected the ideology of realism [5] [6] [7] and makes use of the works of the past by the employment of reprise , incorporation , rewriting, recapitulation , revision and parody . [8] [9] [10]

Influential in the early days of modernism were the theories of Sigmund Freud (1856–1939). Freud's first major work was Studies on Hysteria (with Josef Breuer , 1895). Central to Freud's thinking is the idea "of the primacy of the unconscious mind in mental life," so that all subjective reality was based on the play of basic drives and instincts, through which the outside world was perceived. Freud's description of subjective states involved an unconscious mind full of primal impulses, and counterbalancing self-imposed restrictions derived from social values. [19] : 538


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