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Essais de critique: et d'histoire (classic reprint) (french edition) - Essais de critique et d histoire : Taine, Hippolyte, 1828.



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Assemblage is an artistic form or medium usually created on a defined substrate that consists of three-dimensional elements projecting out of or from the substrate. It is similar to collage , a two-dimensional medium. It is part of the visual arts , and it typically uses found objects, but is not limited to these materials. [1] [2]

The painter Armando Reverón is one of the first to use this technique when using disposable materials such as bamboo, wires, wires or kraft paper. In the thirties he made a skeleton with wings of murcilage, adopting this style years before other artists. Later, Reverón made instruments and set pieces such as a telephone, a sofa, a sewing machine, a piano and even music books with their scores.

In 1961, the exhibition "The Art of Assemblage" was featured at the New York Museum of Modern Art . The exhibition showcased the work of early 20th-century European artists such as Braque , Dubuffet , Marcel Duchamp , Picasso , and Kurt Schwitters alongside Americans Man Ray , Joseph Cornell , Robert Mallary and Robert Rauschenberg , and also included less well known American West Coast assemblage artists such as George Herms , Bruce Conner and Edward Kienholz . William C Seitz, the curator of the exhibition, described assemblages as being made up of preformed natural or manufactured materials, objects, or fragments not intended as art materials. [4]

Hippolyte Taine , in full Hippolyte-Adolphe Taine , (born April 21, 1828, Vouziers, Ardennes, France—died March 5, 1893, Paris), French thinker , critic , and historian , one of the most-esteemed exponents of 19th-century French positivism . He attempted to apply the scientific method to the study of the humanities.

In contrast to these views, his new teachers of philosophy in Paris held the prevailing philosophical doctrine of eclecticism . Consequently—and not without creating some scandal in academic circles—Taine’s agrégation jury failed him in 1851. He then taught for brief periods at Nevers and Poitiers but in 1852 applied for leave of absence. Returning to Paris, he devoted himself to preparing his two dissertations for the doctorate in literature: De Personis Platonicis (“Concerning Plato’s Characters”) and his first well-known work, a study of La Fontaine (1853; revised and published in 1861 as La Fontaine et ses fables [“La Fontaine and His Fables”]).

He gained a doctoral degree in May 1853 and began an essay on Livy , Essai sur Tite-Live (1856), which, despite further criticism of his philosophical outlook, won a prize from the Académie Française . During this period he was also attending lectures in science and gathering the knowledge of physiology that he utilized later in his work on psychology. Reluctant to return to full-time teaching, he lived by private tutoring and as a man of letters. Even a holiday in 1854, necessitated by ill health, was turned to advantage: in 1855 he published a literary guidebook based on his travels, Voyage aux eaux des Pyrénées (“Voyage to the Waters of the Pyrenees”).

The site is set up for educational purposes. We respect copyright and give users the opportunity to get to know the world literature and communicate also. More details about us.

Assemblage is an artistic form or medium usually created on a defined substrate that consists of three-dimensional elements projecting out of or from the substrate. It is similar to collage , a two-dimensional medium. It is part of the visual arts , and it typically uses found objects, but is not limited to these materials. [1] [2]

The painter Armando Reverón is one of the first to use this technique when using disposable materials such as bamboo, wires, wires or kraft paper. In the thirties he made a skeleton with wings of murcilage, adopting this style years before other artists. Later, Reverón made instruments and set pieces such as a telephone, a sofa, a sewing machine, a piano and even music books with their scores.

In 1961, the exhibition "The Art of Assemblage" was featured at the New York Museum of Modern Art . The exhibition showcased the work of early 20th-century European artists such as Braque , Dubuffet , Marcel Duchamp , Picasso , and Kurt Schwitters alongside Americans Man Ray , Joseph Cornell , Robert Mallary and Robert Rauschenberg , and also included less well known American West Coast assemblage artists such as George Herms , Bruce Conner and Edward Kienholz . William C Seitz, the curator of the exhibition, described assemblages as being made up of preformed natural or manufactured materials, objects, or fragments not intended as art materials. [4]

The site is set up for educational purposes. We respect copyright and give users the opportunity to get to know the world literature and communicate also. More details about us.


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