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Stavropol ( Russian : Ставрополь , IPA:  [ˈstavrəpəlʲ] ) is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai , Russia . As of the 2010 Census , its population was 398,539. [7]

The name Stavropol ( Russian : Ста́врополь ) is a Russian rendition of the Greek name, Stauropolis ( Greek : Σταυρούπολις , was the name of an historically-unrelated archbishopric in Caria , a Roman province in present Anatolia ), meaning "the City of the Cross". According to legend, soldiers found a stone cross there while building the fortress in the city's future location. [14]

It was founded on October 22, 1777 [10] following the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 as a military encampment, [14] and was granted city status in 1785. [11] Prince Grigory Potemkin , who founded Stavropol as one of ten fortresses built between Azov and Mozdok at the request of Catherine the Great , played a leading role in the creation of the city. Don Cossacks , particularly those from the Khopersky Regiment, settled the area in and around the cities of Stavropol and Georgiyevsk with a mission to defend borders of the Empire. [15]

Stavropol ( Russian : Ставрополь , IPA:  [ˈstavrəpəlʲ] ) is a city and the administrative center of Stavropol Krai , Russia . As of the 2010 Census , its population was 398,539. [7]

The name Stavropol ( Russian : Ста́врополь ) is a Russian rendition of the Greek name, Stauropolis ( Greek : Σταυρούπολις , was the name of an historically-unrelated archbishopric in Caria , a Roman province in present Anatolia ), meaning "the City of the Cross". According to legend, soldiers found a stone cross there while building the fortress in the city's future location. [14]

It was founded on October 22, 1777 [10] following the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 as a military encampment, [14] and was granted city status in 1785. [11] Prince Grigory Potemkin , who founded Stavropol as one of ten fortresses built between Azov and Mozdok at the request of Catherine the Great , played a leading role in the creation of the city. Don Cossacks , particularly those from the Khopersky Regiment, settled the area in and around the cities of Stavropol and Georgiyevsk with a mission to defend borders of the Empire. [15]

The flag of Stavropol Krai  is a rectangular bunting, gold in color, on which is depicted a white rectangular cross. The ratio of the breadth of the flag to its length is 2:3. The following proportions of the sides of the cross to the dimensions of the flag are used: vertically 5.5:4.1:5.5; horizontally 7.5:4.5:13. In the center of the cross is found a colored or monochrome (all in gold) depiction of the coat of arms of Stavropol Territory, the edges of which shall not extend beyond the limits of the white field of the crossing. The ratio of the breadth of the flag to the height of the coat of arms is 16:6. The ratio of the length of the flag to the width of the coat of arms is 25:5.

The golden colour of the flag is related to the colour depicted on the coat of arms of the kray. It symbolizes Stauropolia as a sunny southern region of Russia, region of agriculture, golden ears of wheat, and the Golden Fleece. The golden colour symbolizes prosperity and fertility of Stavropolskiy Kray.

The cross reflects the name of the administrative centre of the kray Stavropol (Σταυροπολις ( Stauropolis ) means "the city of the cross" in Greek). It also denotes that Stavropol is the seat of North Caucasian eparchy of the Russian Orthodox Church.


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